By Magdalena A K Muir, Advisory Board Member, Climate and Global Change, EUCC
Videos are being posted Youtube for oceans panels presentation at COP 22. Three oceans issues at that are being highlighted are the ocean acidification, ocean de-oxygenation, and the melting Arctic ice and warming oceans.
COP-22: Ocean Acidification: Building Scientific & Political Capacity
he United States is leading efforts around the world to expand capacity for scientists in developing countries to measure ocean acidification (caused by rising CO2 in the atmosphere) and track its impacts such as erosion of coral reefs or loss of bivalve fisheries. The effect of high CO2 on the oceans is a major reason why the UNFCCC is focusing on figuring out how to reduce temperature increases from 2° to 1.5° C. Several workshops have been held in the past year under auspices of the Global Ocean Acidification (OA) Observing Network to expand participation from African countries. This event will showcase those activities with testimonials from African scientists from Egypt, Namibia and South Africa about the importance of this work for building resilience to ocean acidification in the developing world. The event will end with a call to support an international political alliance focused on OA resilience issued by the U.S. Pacific Coast Collaborative. The international political alliance is teaming with the Global OA Observing Network to leverage political influence to expand resources for this important effort.
COP-22: Ocean Deoxygenation: The Climate Impact We Aren’t Considering
The ocean is losing oxygen due to climate change in a process known as ocean deoxygenation. Although oxygen levels fundamentally structure marine ecosystems and influence fish behavior, abundance, and diversity, this impact is rarely mentioned. In fact, only one INDC mentions ocean oxygen loss as part of its climate adaptation strategy, leaving fisheries of other countries vulnerable to these unaccounted for impacts. This talk will explain how climate change affects ocean oxygen levels, how changes in oxygen influence marine communities and fisheries, and what steps countries should be taking to monitor oxygen loss along their coastlines.
COP-22: The Melting Arctic: A Glimpse into the Future of Global Climate Change
The Arctic is warming at twice the rate as the global average with profound consequences for the region and communities all over the world. This multi-media event will explain the most recent scientific understanding of climate change impacts in the Arctic, and extrapolate from the Arctic example the scientific and policy challenges that are on the horizon for the rest of the world. Speakers from the scientific and policy communities will also highlight the actions that are being taken to slow the pace of warming and respond to climate change.
Each speaker will present for 10 minutes followed by a moderated Q&A. Dr. Stephen Vavrus will discuss current scientific research on climate change and the Arctic, including the role of arctic climate change on worldwide weather and weather extremes. Deputy Special Envoy Karen Florini will provide an overview of U.S. efforts domestically and through the Arctic Council to drive down emissions of super pollutants, expand access to renewable energy, and enable communities to better prepare for and respond to climate impacts in the Arctic. Using the NASA hyperwall to show powerful visualizations of Arctic changes and NASA’s ground-breaking research, NASA scientist Dr. John Reager will explain the science behind a changing Arctic, the relationship with extra-Arctic impacts and gaps in the science that require further study. Finally, Dr. David Weindorf will preview his feature length documentary, “Between Earth and Sky,” a film that explores the influence of climate change in Alaska.