Climate change has become one of the biggest, most complex challenges facing humankind in the 21st century, and water is at the heart of its impacts. This is particularly serious in arid regions like North Africa, where water resources are already being adversely affected by climate variability. In Morocco, due to a combination of population growth, economic development and a strong decline in precipitation, water resources are under more pressure.
Water availability in Morocco has dropped from 3,500 m3 per person per year in 1960 to 1,000 m3 in 2000, and forecasts are predicting it will further fall to 490 m3 in 2020, below the United Nations’ “absolute water scarcity” level.
In this context of scarcity, the gap between offer and demand will increase in the next years. Currently, the water demand in Morocco, estimated at 13,7 Bm3, is met from surface water mobilized (11,7 Bm3) and an overexploitation of groundwater (2 Bm3). In 2030, water demand is predicted to increase to 16,2 Bm3, and therefore, if no measures are taken, the gap would be 4,5 Bm3.
Aware of this pressing issue, Morocco has implemented a national strategy based on the development of the water sector around six main components. One of them is the management and development of water offer, which consists precisely in increasing the water offer and closing the gap. Up next, we are going to review the projects that are being implemented to increase the water offer and the organisations involved in them.