by Magdalena A K Muir
The MIDAS project – Managing Impacts of Deep-seA reSource exploitation – is a multidisciplinary research programme that will investigate the environmental impacts of extracting mineral and energy resources from the deep-sea environment. This includes the exploitation of materials such as polymetallic sulphides, manganese nodules, cobalt-rich ferromanganese crusts, methane hydrates and the potential mining of rare earth elements. MIDAS is funded under the European Commission’s Framework 7 programme and started on 1 November 2013 for a period of 3 years
The MIDAS project intends to carry out research into the nature and scales of the potential impacts of mining, including 1) the physical destruction of the seabed by mining, creation of mine tailings and the potential for catastrophic slope failures from methane hydrate exploitation; 2) the potential effects of particle-laden plumes in the water column, and 3) the possible toxic chemicals that might be released by the mining process and their effect on deep-sea ecosystems. Key biological unknowns, such as the connectivity between populations, impacts of the loss of biological diversity on ecosystem functioning, and how quickly the ecosystems will recover will be considered. A major element of MIDAS is the development of methods and technologies for preparing baseline assessments of biodiversity in areas of potential commercial extraction, and monitoring activities remotely in the deep sea during and after exploitation.
The MIDAS project intends to use this information to develop recommendations for best practice in the mining industry. A key component of MIDAS is the involvement of industry within the project and through stakeholder engagements to find feasible solutions. It will also work closely with European and international regulatory organisations to take these recommendations forward into legislation.
The MIDAS partners are predominantly academic institutions, industry, and consultants, with the 32 partners listed on the project website here. No environmental non governmental organisions (ENGOs) are partners, though some partners have links with or work with ENGOs including the Deep Sea Conservation Coalition, The MIDAS project is referred to by EU DG Mare website in its discussion of seabed mining here , so the project could have an important role in shaping future EU policy.
Upon inquiry to the MIDAS project, it was indicated that there will be an opportunity for ENGOs and civil society to participate in two meetings planned with civil society organizations as part of a consultative process with civil society organizations in regard to the policy recommendations that will form part of the final report of the project in November 2016. In addition there will be at least one conference during the project open to all stakeholders. Information will also be provided to interested parties on an ongoing basis. EUCC will receive and relay information as it becomes available. However, meaningful civil society and local community participation is essential to establishing effective EU regulations for deep-sea mining, DG Mare should not rely solely on deliverables of the MIDAS project for determining best practices or any regulatory framework but ensure that a formal and comprehensive consultation process is established if, and as, the Commission drafts any proposals for legislation to regulate the industry.
EU DG Mare will need to establish a separate process for civil society participation in the development of best practices and the overall regulatory framework for deep sea resource exploitation. This separate process would also be required to facilitate the development of broad social acceptance by civil society and local communities for these deep sea and seabed activities This social acceptance has been an EU priority for offshore renewable energy and grid infrastructure development in the North Sea, see article here and been recognized as of great importance by the EU across its many activities.
This observation about meaningful participation by civil society and local communities has relevance for the DG Mare Stakeholder Consultation on Seabed Mining. The European Commission’s Directorate for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries has initiated a stakeholder consultation exercise on seabed mining. It is posted as an online questionnaire. DG Mare is seeking responses from public authorities, citizens, companies and organisations concerned with seabed mining. This seabed mining consultation is open until 16 June 2014, and it is very important that that civil society and local communities provide their views. EUCC will be participating in this consultation, and will post consultation remarks subsequently through this blog and documentation on the EUCC website.
EU Stakeholder Consultation on Deepsea Mining : http://ec.europa.eu/dgs/maritimeaffairs_fisheries/consultations/seabed-mining/index_en.htm
Electronic survey : http://ec.europa.eu/eusurvey/runner/seabed_mining
A list of MIDAS partners is found here http://www.eu-midas.net/midas-partners
For more information, see the website here http://www.eu-midas.net/
There is a brochure here http://www.eu-midas.net/sites/default/files/downloads/MIDAS_brochure_lowres_Mar2014.pdf
There is also a newsletter that you can sign up for, with the first newsletter being located here http://www.eu-midas.net/sites/default/files/newsletters/MIDAS_Newsletter_Apr14_lowres.pdf